Master ABS 3D Printing: Optimal Speed & Temperature Guide

Hey there, technology lovers! It’s Carolina here, your tech-savvy guide to all things worth geeking out over. When I’m not sipping on my morning coffee, you’ll often find me diving deep into the realm of 3D printing. And recently, I had this itch to explore the intricacies of ABS filament. I know, I know it’s a classic, but let’s rewind a bit!


ABS was once the reigning champion in the 3D printing arena, even before its successor PLA stole the spotlight. It got me thinking: What’s the ideal printing speed and temperature for ABS filament? While the golden numbers often float around 50mm/s for speed, a nozzle temp of 240°C, and a toasty bed at 80°C, there’s a tad more to this tale. Each spool from different brands has its special song of temperatures written on it, which can be slightly different.

So, curious about the nitty-gritty of ABS printing? Let’s dive right in!

ABS Printing Speed – What’s the Sweet Spot?
For the average Joe 3D printer, the perfect ABS printing speed lingers somewhere between 30-70mm/s. But, if you’ve invested in a high-end 3D printer that boasts impressive stability, you might just hit the jackpot and print even faster without skimping on quality. Here’s a little tip from your friendly neighborhood tech-lover: consider printing a calibration tower. It’ll show you how different speeds influence the print quality.
Now, if you’re a Cura enthusiast like me, the default speed sits pretty at 50mm/s – a reliable starting point for ABS filament. Feel free to tweak this, aiming higher for speed or leaning towards precision.

The Speed Breakdown:
– Infill Speed: This represents the guts of your print, usually syncing with the primary print speed, typically 50mm/s.
– Wall Speed: Here, we’re chatting about both outer and inner walls. It plays a significant role in your print’s surface aesthetics.
– Top/Bottom Speed & Initial Layer Speed: These are crucial for surface finish and adhesion to the build plate. Typically, they hover around half of your primary print speed, with the first layer easing in at 20mm/s.

ABS Printing Temperature – Feeling Hot, Hot, Hot!
Temperature varies like a DJ’s playlist. For ABS, nozzle temps can swing between 210-265°C, based on the filament brand and your printer’s own quirks. Take SUNLU ABS, for instance. They lean into a range of 230-240°C. Meanwhile, HATCHBOX PETG suggests anywhere between 210-240°C. Yet, the popular consensus among my fellow tech-enthusiasts is a cozy bracket of 240-250°C.
But hey, don’t forget that every 3D printer has its own character, so those numbers might need a bit of fine-tuning.

Bed Temp for ABS – Where the Magic Starts!
A good foundation is everything, right? For ABS, the print bed should feel like a summer day, between 70-100°C. Though, the sweet spot for many brands is around 75-85°C. Environmental factors play a part, too. A chilly workspace might warrant the upper end of the temperature scale, while a warm one might be fine with 70-80°C.

Keeping the Ambiance Just Right for ABS Printing
When 3D printing with ABS, the room temperature should ideally sit between 15-32°C. Maintaining consistency is key, so say goodbye to sudden temperature shifts. If it’s a bit chilly, tweak the hotend temperature up a notch; if you’re breaking a sweat, tone it down a smidge.

Fan Speed: A Gentle Breeze or a Gale?
ABS can be a bit finicky with sudden temperature variations, which is where the fan steps in. A gentle fan speed of 0-30% usually does the trick. But, when bridging, you might need to crank it up to 60-75%. While some get stellar results without fan intervention, a balanced approach often works best, especially in temperate settings.

Layer Height – It’s All About the Details!
For those sporting a 0.4mm nozzle, ABS is happy with layer heights ranging from 0.12-0.28mm. Craving detail? Go for 0.12mm. In a hurry or need something robust? 0.2-0.28mm has got you covered. Generally, the golden middle at 0.2mm offers a harmonious blend of quality and speed.

And that, dear tech fans, is the lowdown on ABS. Looking for more deep dives into the 3D printing universe? Stay tuned for more of Carolina’s chronicles, and as always, happy printing!